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Edo State, The Empire of Oba of Bini Kingdom
Edo State, one of the oldest cities in Nigeria (especially the Bini Kingdom) is famous, both in the country and the world as a fortress and a fortress of culture and culture. The country is one of the richest art stores in Africa. This is explained when products from this region are displayed.
Benin City, a city in southern Nigeria, the capital of Edo State, on the Benin River. The city is connected by road to Lagos, Onitsha, and the western Niger Delta. Benin City is the capital of a prosperous region where rubber, palm oil, yams, cassava, corn, and timber are produced. Its industries include rubber processing, milling, and brewing. Benin City is an art museum known for its many ancient paintings and other local decorative arts. The University of Benin (1970) is also here.
Historically an important trading center for ivory and pepper, Benin City was the capital of the powerful Benin Empire from the 15th century to the late 1900s. Benin artisans were known for their wood and ivory carvings. of elephants and making bronze stones. European visitors in the 1500s were amazed by the way Benin City was built and its appearance, and compared it to the best cities in Europe. Most of Benin City’s art was lost in 1897 when the British occupied the city and confiscated many of its paintings.
The Kingdom of Benin, a West African country that flourished from the 1500s to the 1700s. Its capital was Benin City, in present-day Nigeria. Founded by the Edo or Bini people in the 12th century, it was ruled by a line of chiefs (obas) who were originally military leaders, but later acquired a religious character. The extent of this empire is unknown, but it may have ruled southern Nigeria during its time.
One of the most famous obas of Benin was Ewuare, who ruled the kingdom from about 1440 to 1470. Ewuare greatly increased the area controlled by the kingdom, strengthened the central government, and established a system of primogeniture through which the name of the oba would pass. from father to son. He is also thought to have built the walls around the capital city.
During the reign of Ewuare Ozolua’s son, who worked as a pirate from 1480 to 1504, Benin developed a beneficial relationship with Portugal. Other evidence suggests that Ozolua’s successor, Esigie, may have spoken and read Portuguese. From the 1500s to the 1800s, the kingdom traded with European traders for palm oil, ivory, pepper, and textiles. Benin was also involved in the slave trade, although in the early 1500s the king allowed only female slaves to be exported. In the 1700s, French, Portuguese, and Dutch traders opened ports and trading posts along the coast of Benin, exchanging weapons and slaves.
As patrons of the arts, the obas helped create some of Benin’s most famous works of art. Brass Bas paintings, which were originally hung on the walls of the palace, depict life events in the court of the obas. The traditional copper jewelry from the kingdom, which is handcrafted and detailed, is considered one of the finest works of African art.
The power of the Benin Kingdom declined in the 18th and 19th centuries. The country joined British Nigeria in 1897, and became a colony of French West Africa in 1904, and finally regained its independence as the Republic of Benin in 1960. Although the transition was a change, the obas still perform administrative and ceremonial duties until the 21st.
Edo State has many cultural, historical and artistic tourist attractions in many districts of the State. Senator (Prof.) Osunbor recognizes the importance of tourism and tourism and argues that a well-managed and led State Tourism Board will push the basics of tourism to the public.
Take a tour of the ancient kingdom. The kingdom of bin thieves, where you can enjoy your journey.
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